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      Perceptions of Cyberstalking: Impact of Perpetrator Gender and Cyberstalker/Victim Relationship

      1 , 1
      Journal of Interpersonal Violence
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          Cyberstalking is a relatively new phenomenon with limited empirical research. Consequently, despite the seriousness of the crime, prevalence rates are unreliable and estimates suffer from vast variation. Cyberstalking is likely to be underreported due to limited community understanding of what behaviors constitute cyberstalking. There are many factors unique to cyberstalking which may impact the extent to which the crime is reported, and the extent to which the perpetrator or victim is held responsible. The current study aimed to examine the impact of perpetrator gender, and the relationship between the perpetrator and victim (ex-intimate vs. stranger) on perceptions of cyberstalking. Participants read one of four scenarios, designed for this study, which varied in victim gender and cyberstalker–victim relationship. Perpetrator gender impacted perceptions of the scenario, such that the male perpetrator was viewed as more dangerous. Scenarios with a male perpetrator were perceived as more consistent with cyberstalking and the behavior as illegal in nature. Victim gender was found to impact the amount of blame a victim receives, such that the female victim was attributed less blame than the male victim. Meanwhile, the male victim was blamed more for the occurrence of the cyberstalking behavior, and their claims as a victim were taken less seriously and perceived as less legitimate. Finally, participant gender was found to impact perceptions toward the cyberstalking scenarios.

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          Amazon's Mechanical Turk: A New Source of Inexpensive, Yet High-Quality, Data?

          Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is a relatively new website that contains the major elements required to conduct research: an integrated participant compensation system; a large participant pool; and a streamlined process of study design, participant recruitment, and data collection. In this article, we describe and evaluate the potential contributions of MTurk to psychology and other social sciences. Findings indicate that (a) MTurk participants are slightly more demographically diverse than are standard Internet samples and are significantly more diverse than typical American college samples; (b) participation is affected by compensation rate and task length, but participants can still be recruited rapidly and inexpensively; (c) realistic compensation rates do not affect data quality; and (d) the data obtained are at least as reliable as those obtained via traditional methods. Overall, MTurk can be used to obtain high-quality data inexpensively and rapidly.
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            Structure of gender stereotypes: Interrelationships among components and gender label.

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              Cyberstalking and the technologies of interpersonal terrorism

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Interpersonal Violence
                J Interpers Violence
                SAGE Publications
                0886-2605
                1552-6518
                April 2021
                June 25 2018
                April 2021
                : 36
                : 7-8
                : NP4074-NP4093
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA
                Article
                10.1177/0886260518784590
                2dd52af4-9dbe-479b-8a87-0be3a4782613
                © 2021

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license


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