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      Mechanisms of Abnormal Puberty in Coeliac Disease

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          Abstract

          Coeliac disease (CD) is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood. The clinical spectrum has changed; in addition to the classical gastrointestinal form, other clinical manifestations have been described, such as hypogonadism and the consequent delay in onset of puberty. Recent studies reported not only a significantly retarded menarche in untreated CD girls as compared with girls following a gluten-free diet, but also in treated CD a negative effect on pregnancy, resulting in lower birth weight and shorter duration of pregnancy. In boys, there is a reduced serum level of dihydrotestosterone and an increased serum level of luteinizing hormone, an abnormality pattern suggesting androgen resistance. The pathogenesis of CD-related reproductive disorders is still unclear. Some hypotheses may be tried; for example, in CD there is a high level of autoantibodies directed against self-antigens, so there could be antibodies directed against hormones or organs critical for pubertal development. Moreover, in CD there could be a selective malabsorption of micronutrients essential for the metabolism of carrier or receptor proteins for sex hormones.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Compliance with gluten-free diet in adolescents with screening-detected celiac disease: a 5-year follow-up study.

          After 5 years of treatment, 22 patients with celiac disease, diagnosed by means of serologic mass screening (mean age, 17.9 years), showed a lower compliance with a gluten-free diet and frequent positivity of serum anti-endomysium antibodies (32%) in comparison with a group of 22 age-matched patients diagnosed because of "typical" symptoms during childhood.
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            Celiac Disease and Turner Syndrome

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              Autoimmune hypopituitarism in patients with coeliac disease: symptoms confusingly similar.

              Coeliac disease does not always respond properly to a gluten-free diet, and treatment may be complicated by an underlying autoimmune endocrine disorder. We report three cases of hypopituitarism in patients with coeliac disease who seemed to have incomplete dietary response. The first patient had diabetes and suffered from hypoglygaemic events; the second had muscular atrophy of unknown origin while the third had growth failure. None had a pituitary mass, suggesting that hypopituitarism was of autoimmune origin. Overall condition improved only after replacement therapy for the underlying hormone deficiency; this association should thus be recognized.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                978-3-8055-7429-7
                978-3-318-00854-8
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2002
                2002
                17 November 2004
                : 57
                : Suppl 2
                : 63-65
                Affiliations
                Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale ‘A. Avogadro’, Novara, Italy
                Article
                58103 Horm Res 2002;57(suppl 2):63–65
                10.1159/000058103
                12065930
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                References: 26, Pages: 3
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