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      Process and Outcomes of a Recursive, Dialogic Member Checking Approach: A Project Ethnography.

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          Abstract

          There is limited empirical evidence about member checking, a long-standing qualitative research technique for establishing validity. I conducted directed content analysis of ethnographic data detailing the process and outcomes of a "dialogic" member checking approach I implemented in rural Swaziland. It involved 10 participants, checking results about their participation and empowerment as co-researchers in participatory health research. The process involved participants in four recurring stages: thinking independently, hearing findings, appraising findings, and negotiating final representations. It increased the transferability and accuracy ("transactional" validity) of the results by adding richly descriptive data and establishing the extent of participant agreement with my findings. It had emancipatory outcomes ("transformational" validity) including developing critical understandings, influencing the research trajectory to "give voice" to participants, and establishing more equitable researcher-researched relationships. Further development, implementation, and appraisal of recursive, dialogic approaches can advance member checking as a technique for enhancing "holistic" validity in qualitative health research.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Qual Health Res
          Qualitative health research
          SAGE Publications
          1049-7323
          1049-7323
          June 2019
          : 29
          : 7
          Affiliations
          [1 ] 1 University of the Free State, QwaQwa, South Africa.
          [2 ] 2 Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
          Article
          10.1177/1049732318812448
          30499363
          2e0e2c98-d2e6-471b-88fd-3b90bc7a3d52

          Swaziland,community and public health,empowerment,methodology,power,project ethnography,qualitative,reflexivity,research design,social participation

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