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      Attitude and associated factors of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among health professionals in Debre Tabor Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North Central Ethiopia; 2021: cross-sectional study

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      VirusDisease
      Springer India
      Health professionals, Attitude, Vaccine, Acceptance

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          Abstract

          Control of coronavirus disease through vaccination is not merely dependent on vaccine efficacy and safety. Professional and general public acceptance is vital for the successful control of the virus. This study aimed (1) to assess health professionals' attitude towards COVID-19 vaccine acceptance; (2) to identify factors associated with health professional’s attitude towards COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. An Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on health professionals working at Debre Tabor Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. A structured questionnaire containing 16 items was used to assess the attitude of health professionals on vaccine acceptance. Bivariable and multivariable logistic analysis was done to identify factors associated with the attitude of health professionals. In this study, 42.3% [95% CI (36.7–47.6)] participants had positive attitude to COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. Age 30–39 years [AOR 2.23; (CI 1.23–4.04)] and ≥ 40 years [AOR 5.51; (CI 2.47–12.30)] of respondents have positive attitude than their counterparts. Also physicians [AOR 3.67; (CI 1.90–7.09)], pharmacists [AOR 4.27; (CI 1.39–13.09)] and laboratory professionals [AOR 4.56; (CI 1.34–15.39)] have higher attitude to COVID vaccine acceptance than nurses. In conclusion, the attitude level of health professionals on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance was poor. Age and profession were factors significantly associated with the attitude level of health professionals for COVID-19 vaccine acceptance.

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          Most cited references24

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          Vaccine hesitancy: the next challenge in the fight against COVID-19

          Vaccine hesitancy remains a barrier to full population inoculation against highly infectious diseases. Coincident with the rapid developments of COVID-19 vaccines globally, concerns about the safety of such a vaccine could contribute to vaccine hesitancy. We analyzed 1941 anonymous questionnaires completed by healthcare workers and members of the general Israeli population, regarding acceptance of a potential COVID-19 vaccine. Our results indicate that healthcare staff involved in the care of COVID-19 positive patients, and individuals considering themselves at risk of disease, were more likely to self-report acquiescence to COVID-19 vaccination if and when available. In contrast, parents, nurses, and medical workers not caring for SARS-CoV-2 positive patients expressed higher levels of vaccine hesitancy. Interventional educational campaigns targeted towards populations at risk of vaccine hesitancy are therefore urgently needed to combat misinformation and avoid low inoculation rates.
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            Is Open Access

            COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Worldwide: A Concise Systematic Review of Vaccine Acceptance Rates

            Utility of vaccine campaigns to control coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is not merely dependent on vaccine efficacy and safety. Vaccine acceptance among the general public and healthcare workers appears to have a decisive role in the successful control of the pandemic. The aim of this review was to provide an up-to-date assessment of COVID-19 vaccination acceptance rates worldwide. A systematic search of the peer-reviewed English survey literature indexed in PubMed was done on 25 December 2020. Results from 31 peer-reviewed published studies met the inclusion criteria and formed the basis for the final COVID-19 vaccine acceptance estimates. Survey studies on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates were found from 33 different countries. Among adults representing the general public, the highest COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates were found in Ecuador (97.0%), Malaysia (94.3%), Indonesia (93.3%) and China (91.3%). However, the lowest COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates were found in Kuwait (23.6%), Jordan (28.4%), Italy (53.7), Russia (54.9%), Poland (56.3%), US (56.9%), and France (58.9%). Only eight surveys among healthcare workers (doctors and nurses) were found, with vaccine acceptance rates ranging from 27.7% in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to 78.1% in Israel. In the majority of survey studies among the general public stratified per country (29/47, 62%), the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination showed a level of ≥70%. Low rates of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance were reported in the Middle East, Russia, Africa and several European countries. This could represent a major problem in the global efforts to control the current COVID-19 pandemic. More studies are recommended to address the scope of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Such studies are particularly needed in the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Middle and South America. Addressing the scope of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in various countries is recommended as an initial step for building trust in COVID-19 vaccination efforts.
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              Attitudes Toward a Potential SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine: A Survey of U.S. Adults

              Once a vaccine for coronavirus disease 2019 becomes available, it will be important to maximize vaccine uptake and coverage. This national survey explores factors associated with vaccine hesitancy. The results suggest that multipronged efforts will be needed to increase acceptance of a coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                fyewlsew@gmail.com
                Journal
                Virusdisease
                Virusdisease
                VirusDisease
                Springer India (New Delhi )
                2347-3584
                2347-3517
                25 June 2021
                : 1-7
                Affiliations
                GRID grid.510430.3, Department of Anesthesia, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, , Debre Tabor University, ; P.O. Box: 272, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
                Author information
                http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2672-5002
                Article
                708
                10.1007/s13337-021-00708-0
                8231083
                34222565
                2e251b9d-9d32-4e81-b8fa-9b43d80fd666
                © Indian Virological Society 2021

                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted research re-use and secondary analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic.

                History
                : 14 April 2021
                : 8 June 2021
                Categories
                Original Article

                health professionals,attitude,vaccine,acceptance
                health professionals, attitude, vaccine, acceptance

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