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      MicroRNA-384-5p/Beclin-1 As Potential Indicators For Epigallocatechin Gallate Against Cardiomyocytes Ischemia Reperfusion Injury By Inhibiting Autophagy Via PI3K/Akt Pathway

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims

          Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has established protective actions against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by regulating autophagy. However, little is known about the mechanisms of EGCG in posttranscriptional regulation in the process of cardioprotection. Here we studied whether microRNAs play a role in EGCG-induced cardioprotection.

          Methods

          The myocardial I/R injury in vitro and in vivo model were made, with or without EGCG pretreatment. The upregulation and silencing of microRNA-384-5p (miR-384) and Beclin-1 in H9c2 cell lines were established. Rats were transfected with miR-384 specific shRNA. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to verify the relationship between miR-384 and Beclin-1. TTC staining was performed to analyze the area of myocardial infarct size. Cell viability was monitored by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The release of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) was examined by ELISA. The levels of autophagy-related genes or proteins expression were evaluated by qRT-PCR or Western blotting. Autophagosomes of myocardial cells were detected by transmission electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscope.

          Results

          I/R increased both autophagosomes and autolysosomes, thereby increasing autophagic flux both in vitro and in vivo. Pretreatment with EGCG attenuated I/R-induced autophagic flux expression, accompanied by an increase in cell viability and a decrease in the size of myocardial infarction. MiR-384 expression was down-regulated in H9c2 cell lines when subjected to I/R, while this suppression could be reversed by EGCG pretreatment. The dual-luciferase assay verified that Beclin-1 was a target of miR-384. Both overexpression of miR-384 and knocking down of Beclin-1 significantly inhibited I/R-induced autophagy, accompanied by the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway, thus enhanced the protective effect of EGCG. However, these functions were abrogated by the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002.

          Conclusion

          We confirmed that EGCG has a protective role in microRNA-384-mediated autophagy by targeting Beclin-1 via activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Our results unveiled a novel role of EGCG in myocardial protection, involving posttranscriptional regulation with miRNA-384.

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          Most cited references 24

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          The return of the nucleus: transcriptional and epigenetic control of autophagy.

          Autophagy is a conserved process by which cytoplasmic components are degraded by the lysosome. It is commonly seen as a cytoplasmic event and, until now, nuclear events were not considered of primary importance for this process. However, recent studies have unveiled a transcriptional and epigenetic network that regulates autophagy. The identification of tightly controlled transcription factors (such as TFEB and ZKSCAN3), microRNAs and histone marks (especially acetylated Lys16 of histone 4 (H4K16ac) and dimethylated H3K9 (H3K9me2)) associated with the autophagic process offers an attractive conceptual framework to understand the short-term transcriptional response and potential long-term responses to autophagy.
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            • Record: found
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            Is Open Access

            Polyphenols: Benefits to the Cardiovascular System in Health and in Aging

            Numerous studies have demonstrated the importance of naturally occurring dietary polyphenols in promoting cardiovascular health and emphasized the significant role these compounds play in limiting the effects of cellular aging. Polyphenols such as resveratrol, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and curcumin have been acknowledged for having beneficial effects on cardiovascular health, while some have also been shown to be protective in aging. This review highlights the literature surrounding this topic on the prominently studied and documented polyphenols as pertaining to cardiovascular health and aging.
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              CRNDE Promotes Malignant Progression of Glioma by Attenuating miR-384/PIWIL4/STAT3 Axis.

              Colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) is the most upregulated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in glioma. Herein, the function and potential molecular mechanisms of CRNDE and miR-384 were illustrated in glioma cells. CRNDE overexpression facilitated cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while inhibited glioma cells apoptosis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) demonstrated that miR-384 was downregulated in human glioma tissues and glioma cell lines. Moreover, restoration of miR-384 exerted tumor-suppressive functions. In addition, the expression of miR-384 was negatively correlated with CRNDE expression. A binding region between CRNDE and miR-384 was confirmed using luciferase assays. Moreover, CRNDE promoted cell malignant behavior by decreasing miR-384 expression. At the molecular level, treatment by CRNDE knockdown or miR-384 overexpression resulted in a decrease of piwi-like RNA-mediated gene silencing 4 (PIWIL4) protein. Besides, PIWIL4 was identified as a target of miR-384 and plays an oncogenic role in glioma. Similarly, downstream proteins of PIWIL4 such as STAT3, cyclin D1, VEGFA, SLUG, MMP-9, caspase 3, Bcl-2, and bcl-xL were modulated when treated with miR-384 and PIWIL4. Remarkably, CRNDE knockdown combined with miR-384 overexpression led to tumor regression in vivo. Overall, these results depicted a novel pathway mediated by CRNDE in glioma, which may be a potential application for glioma therapy.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                DDDT
                dddt
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove
                1177-8881
                17 October 2019
                2019
                : 13
                : 3607-3623
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University , Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Department of Pharmacology, Guilin Medical University , Guilin, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Jie Jian Department of Pharmacology, Guilin Medical University , 109, North 2nd Huancheng Road, Guilin, Guangxi541004, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 183 7833 0768 Email 251181281@qq.com
                Article
                219074
                10.2147/DDDT.S219074
                6802542
                © 2019 Zhang et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 9, References: 30, Pages: 17
                Categories
                Original Research

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