1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Alterations in the Release of Norepinephrine at the Vascular Neuroeffector Junction in Hypertension

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The field stimulation induced release of <sup>3</sup>H-norepinephrine (NE) from the isolated portal vein and endogenous NE from the isolated caudal artery and perfused mesenteric arterial bed of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched normotensive rats (Wistar-Kyoto or Sprague-Dawley) was studied. There was a significantly greater release of NE from all three preparations obtained from 10- to 12-week-old SHR compared to normotensive animals. In addition, there was a greater release of NE from the caudal artery of 5- to 6-week-old SHR compared to controls. No differences were seen in the evoked release of NE from portal vein or caudal artery obtained from renal or DOCA salt hypertensives compared to vessels obtained from sham controls. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the field stimulation induced release of NE from the perfused mesenteric artery. Low concentrations of NPY decreased while higher concentrations potentiated the increase in perfusion pressure. The NPY induced inhibition of evoked NE release was not altered by α<sub>1</sub>- or α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptor antagonists while the α<sub>1</sub>-adrenoceptor antagonist, prazosin, prevented the postjunctional response. These results are consistent with there being an alteration of NE release at the vascular neuroeffector junction in SHR which may contribute to the development or maintenance of hypertension. NPY exerts a modulatory role in noradrenergic transmission at the vascular neuroeffector junction.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4604-1
          978-3-318-02026-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1987
          1987
          23 September 2008
          : 24
          : 3
          : 94-99
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, St. Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo., USA
          Article
          158677 Blood Vessels 1987;24:94–99
          10.1159/000158677
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Neurohumoral Control of Blood Vessel Tone

          Comments

          Comment on this article