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      The Endocrine Disrupters Butyl Benzyl Phthalate and Bisphenol A Increase the Expression of Progesterone Receptor Messenger Ribonucleic Acid in the Preoptic Area of Adult Ovariectomized Rats

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          Abstract

          Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) and bisphenol A (BPA), so-called endocrine disrupters, are known to mimic the action of estrogens: they are thus liable to influence reproductive functions. Since little is known about their action on gene expression in the adult hypothalamus, we examined the effects of these chemicals on the expression of estrogen-regulated mRNAs, i.e., progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA, preproenkephalin (PPE) mRNA and neurotensin (NT) mRNA, in the hypothalamus and pituitary of adult female rats. Two weeks after ovariectomy, rats were subcutaneously injected with 10 mg BBP, 10 mg BPA, or 10 µg 17β-estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) in sesame oil, or with sesame oil alone as a control. Twenty-four hours after the injection, tissues including the preoptic area (POA), mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) and anterior pituitary were collected. Northern blot revealed that injection of E<sub>2</sub> resulted in expected changes, i.e., significant increases in PR mRNA in the POA, MBH and anterior pituitary, and in PPE mRNA in the MBH. We also found that injection of BPA significantly increased PR mRNA in the POA and anterior pituitary, while injection of BBP increased PR mRNA in the POA and anterior pituitary, although the increase in the anterior pituitary was not significant. No significant effect of E<sub>2</sub>, BPA, or BBP on NT mRNA in the POA was detected. The present study demonstrates that the two endocrine disrupters BPA and BBP can increase the expression of PR mRNA in the POA of adult ovariectomized rats.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Comparative distribution of estrogen receptor-? and -? mRNA in the rat central nervous system

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            Exposure to bisphenol A advances puberty.

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              Mandatory neuropeptide-steroid signaling for the preovulatory luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone discharge

               S P Kalra (1993)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2001
                August 2001
                27 July 2001
                : 74
                : 2
                : 77-81
                Affiliations
                Department of Physiology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan
                Article
                54672 Neuroendocrinology 2001;74:77–81
                10.1159/000054672
                11474214
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, References: 28, Pages: 5
                Categories
                Rapid Communication

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