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Electron Temperature of Ultracold Plasmas

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      Abstract

      We study the evolution of ultracold plasmas by measuring the electron temperature. Shortly after plasma formation, competition between heating and cooling mechanisms drives the electron temperature to a value within a narrow range regardless of the initial energy imparted to the electrons. In agreement with theory predictions, plasmas exhibit values of the Coulomb coupling parameter \(\Gamma\) less than 1.

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      Journal
      2004-02-09
      physics/0402041
      10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.253003
      Custom metadata
      4 pages, plus four figures
      physics.atom-ph

      Atomic & Molecular physics

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