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      Information literacy: princípios, filosofia e prática Translated title: Information literacy: principles, philosophy and practice

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          Abstract

          Surgida na literatura em 1974, a information literacy liga-se à necessidade de se exercer o domínio sobre o sempre crescente universo informacional. Incorporando habilidades, conhecimentos e valores relacionados à busca, acesso, avaliação, organização e difusão da informação e do conhecimento. A information literacy é a própria essência da competência em informação. O objetivo deste trabalho é definir a information literacy a partir do entendimento do conceito, objetivos e práticas relacionadas, com ênfase no papel educacional das bibliotecas e do bibliotecário. Inicialmente, apresenta-se a evolução do conceito segundo um referencial histórico. Examina-se a information literacy enquanto processo de interiorização de conhecimentos, habilidades e valores ligados à informação e ao aprendizado. Define-se a expressão, suas características e objetivos. Discutem-se diferentes concepções de information literacy, segundo três referenciais: informação, conhecimento e aprendizado. Em seguida, são elencados pontos relevantes de atuação de bibliotecas e bibliotecários na implementação de uma educação voltada para a information literacy. Explorando a information literacy education, evidencia-se a necessidade de construção de um novo paradigma educacional ante a sociedade atual que incorpore a competência em informação.

          Translated abstract

          Appeared in literature in 1974, the Information Literacy binds the necessity to exercise the domain on the increasing informational universe. Incorporating abilities, knowledge and values related to the search, access, evaluation, organization and diffusion of information and knowledge, Information Literacy is the very essence of the Information Competence. The objective of this work is to define Information Literacy, starting with the understanding of the concept, relational objectives and practices, with emphasis on the educational role of libraries and the librarian. Initially a conceptual evolution is presented according to a historical reference. It also examines Information Literacy as knowledge, skills, and values internal process, connected to information and learning. It defines the expression, its characteristics and objectives. It discusses the different conceptions of Information Literacy, according to three references: information, knowledge and learning, enumerating relevant topics about Information Literacy Education with emphasis on the role of libraries and librarians. By exploring Information Literacy Education, the need of building up a new educational paradigm is pointed out in face of the current society that incorporates the information literacy.

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            Estratégias empresariais e formação de competências: um quebra cabeça caleidoscópico da indústria brasileira

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              Guillain-Barré syndrome.

               F. Hahn (1998)
              Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is viewed as a reactive, self-limited, autoimmune disease triggered by a preceding bacterial or viral infection. Campylobacter jejuni, a major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, is the most frequent antecedent pathogen. It is likely that immune responses directed towards the infecting organisms are involved in the pathogenesis of GBS by cross-reaction with neural tissues. The infecting organism induces humoral and cellular immune responses that, because of the sharing of homologous epitopes (molecular mimicry), cross-react with ganglioside surface components of peripheral nerves. Immune reactions against target epitopes in Schwann-cell surface membrane or myelin result in acute inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy (85% of cases); reactions against epitopes contained in the axonal membrane cause the acute axonal forms of GBS (15% of cases). Care for such patients may be challenging, yet the prognosis overall is favourable. Optimal supportive care and anticipation and prevention of complications are the mainstay of therapy. Admission to the intensive-care unit is necessary in 33% of patients who require intubation and assisted ventilation. Immunomodulation with infusions of IgG or plasma exchange treatments foreshorten the disease course.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ci
                Ciência da Informação
                Ci. Inf.
                IBICT (Brasília )
                1518-8353
                April 2003
                : 32
                : 1
                : 23-35
                S0100-19652003000100003
                10.1590/S0100-19652003000100003

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                INFORMATION SCIENCE & LIBRARY SCIENCE

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