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      Personal and interpersonal antecedents and consequences of victimization by peers.

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      Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          This study was designed to determine whether the personal and interpersonal difficulties that characterize victimized children are antecedents of victimization, consequences of victimization, or both. Boys and girls in the 3rd through 7th grades (N = 173, mean age = 11.3 years) were assessed on victimization, personal variables (internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and physical strength), and interpersonal variables (number of friends and peer rejection). One year later children were assessed again on all variables. Internalizing problems, physical weakness, and peer rejection contributed uniquely to gains in victimization over time. Moreover, initial victimization predicted increases in later internalizing symptoms and peer rejection. These reciprocal influences suggest the existence of a vicious cycle that supports the strong temporal stability of peer victimization.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
          Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          1939-1315
          0022-3514
          1999
          1999
          : 76
          : 4
          : 677-685
          Article
          10.1037/0022-3514.76.4.677
          10234851
          2edea5e5-7573-4b39-8a4c-3693363022b2
          © 1999
          History

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