Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Severe Rhabdomyolysis due to Malignant Hyperthermia during Renal Transplantation Procedure Can Cause Delayed Graft Function

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          A case of rhabdomyolysis from malignant hyperthermia occurred during renal transplantation surgery is presented. After the completion of vascular and uretherovesical anostomosis, the patient’s heart rate began to rise, sweatiness was observed and body temperature increased to 41°C. Additionally, metabolic and respiratory acidosis and hyperkalemia were detected. Serum creatine kinase and lactic dehydrogenase levels were increased significantly. After external cooling and the administration of dantrolene sodium, body temperature and heart rate were decreased. During this period; furosemide, mannitol and sodium bicarbonate were given. Three hours after the completion of surgery, urine output was begun and urine myoglobin was found to be positive. Renal function improved gradually and serum creatinine level decreased to 1.6 mg/dl on the 14th postoperative day. Malignant hyperthermia can lead to severe rhabdomyolysis and delayed graft function in renal transplant recipients. Early diagnosis and intervention is crucial for protecting renal function.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Malignant hyperthermia.

           M Denborough (1998)
          A specific inherited muscle membrane disorder predisposes to a variety of clinical problems. The most common is malignant hyperthermia (MH), a dangerous hypermetabolic state after anaesthesia with suxamethonium and/or volatile halogenated anaesthetic agents. MH may also be triggered in susceptible individuals by severe exercise in hot conditions, infections, neuroleptic drugs, and overheating in infants. Inbred pigs have provided a helpful model, and experiments on these animals and in MH-susceptible patients have shown that the essential biochemical abnormality is an increase in calcium ions in the muscle cells. This knowledge has led to a specific muscle test to identify susceptibility to MH and to a specific treatment, dantrolene; and as a result the case-fatality rate in MH has fallen from 70% in the 1970s to 5% today. In pigs susceptibility to MH is caused by a single mutation in the ryanodine receptor (RYR) in skeletal muscle. In man the genetics is more complex and three clinical myopathies that predispose to MH have been defined. By far the most common is inherited as a mendelian dominant characteristic and at present mutations in the human RYR account for no more than 20% of susceptible families.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            AJN
            Am J Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.0250-8095
            American Journal of Nephrology
            S. Karger AG
            0250-8095
            1421-9670
            2002
            February 2002
            28 March 2002
            : 22
            : 1
            : 81-83
            Affiliations
            Departments of aNephrology, bAnaesthesiology, and cSurgery, Gülhane Medical School, Etlik, Ankara, Turkey
            Article
            46678 Am J Nephrol 2002;22:81–83
            10.1159/000046678
            11919407
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Tables: 1, References: 9, Pages: 3
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46678
            Categories
            Case Report

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Rhabdomyolysis, Malignant hyperthermia, Renal transplantation

            Comments

            Comment on this article