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      Reversal of daunomycin and vinblastine resistance in multidrug-resistant P388 leukemia in vitro through enhanced cytotoxicity by triterpenoids.

      Planta medica

      therapeutic use, Animals, pharmacology, Vinblastine, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Triterpenes, Plants, Medicinal, chemistry, Panax, Mice, Inbred DBA, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, pathology, drug therapy, Leukemia P388, Female, Fabaceae, Drug Synergism, Drug Resistance, Neoplasm, metabolism, Daunorubicin, Biological Transport

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          Abstract

          Examined in vitro were the effects of some triterpenoids from Panax (Araliaceae) and Glycyrrhiza (Leguminosae) spp. on the sensitivity to daunomycin (DAU) and vinblastine (VBL) of adriamycin (ADM)-resistant P388 leukemia cells (P388/ADM), which were resistant to multiple anticancer drugs. Quasipanaxatriol, 20(S)-protopanaxatriol, ginsenoside Rh2, and compound K greatly enhanced the cytotoxicity of the anti-cancer drugs in P388/ADM cells. The extent of enhancement was different among the triterpene compounds; the 4- to 46-fold increase in DAU cytotoxicity was observed in P388/ADM cells in the presence of non-toxic or marginally toxic concentrations of individual compounds, while those for VBL were in the ratios of 2- to 37-fold. The maximum increase in cytotoxicity was observed with 50 microM quasipanaxatriol; the resistance indices defined to be the ratios of the IC50 values for P388/ADM and P388 parental cells decreased from 79 to 1.7 and from 180 to 4.9 in the cases of DAU and VBL, respectively. The reversal of DAU resistance in P388/ADM by quasipanaxatriol could be explained by the effective accumulation of the drugs mediated by the DAU-efflux blockage.

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          Journal
          7480200
          10.1055/s-2006-958126

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