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      CYP11B2 Expression in Rat Liver and the Effect of Spironolactone on Hepatic Fibrogenesis

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          Abstract

          Objective: In consideration of the hypothetical possibility that locally produced aldosterone is likely to take an active part in fibrogenesis of the liver, we undertook the present study to investigate the expression of aldosterone synthase gene CYP11B2 in rat liver and the curative effect of spironolactone on fibrosis of the liver. Methods and Materials: 160 Wistar rats weighing about 250 g were divided into four groups as follows: model group, spironolactone group, malotilate group and control group. After 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks, the animals were sacrificed. Morphological examination was based on microscopic and electron microscopic findings. The area of collagen was examined by an Image Analyse System (Leica). By means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization, the expression of CYP11B2 was detected. Results: The expression of CYP11B2 mRNA, which was localized in the endoplasm of fat-storing cells, was upregulated when fibrogenesis occurred. The grade of fibrosis and the area of collagen in the spironolactone group were less than those in the model group before the 6th week (p < 0.05). After the 6th week, there was no significant difference between the spironolactone group and the model group (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The expression of CYP11B2 mRNA is upregulated in fibrotic liver. Spironolactone can partly have a fibrogenesis-inhibiting effect in the early stage of CCl<sub>4</sub>-induced hepatic fibrogenesis.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Anti-aldosterone treatment and the prevention of myocardial fibrosis in primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism.

          In arterial hypertension associated with primary or secondary hyperaldosteronism myocardial fibrosis is an important determinant of pathologic hypertrophy. To further examine the relationship between elevations in plasma aldosterone (ALDO) and myocardial fibrosis, we analysed perivascular collagen area (PVCA) and interstitial collagen volume fraction (CVF) by videodensitometry and hydroxyproline concentration (HPro) by high-performance liquid chromatography. We examined both the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles in the following rats models of primary or secondary hyperaldosteronism of eight weeks duration: unilateral renal ischemia (RHT); continuous ALDO administration via osmotic minipumps (0.75 microgram/h s.c.) and enhanced dietary sodium following uninephrectomy (AL); in RHT and AL after pre- and continuous treatment with either 20 (S) or 200 (SS) mg/kg/day s.c. of the aldosterone receptor antagonist, spironolactone; in AL after pre- and continuous treatment with 50 mg/kg/day oral captopril (AL + CAP); as well as in age and sex matched controls (C). Systolic arterial pressure was comparably elevated in RHT and AL (202 +/- 12 and 193 +/- 7 mmHg, respectively; P < 0.0005 vs C); it remained elevated with low dose spironolactone in either model of arterial hypertension, but was normalized with high dose spironolactone or captopril in AL. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), expressed as significantly elevated LV/RV weight or LV/BW ratios, was present in all experimental groups, excluding AL + SS and AL + CAP, when compared with C (P < 0.005). In each ventricle, CVF and PVCA were increased (P < 0.005) in either model of hypertension and in AL + CAP, but were no different from C in all groups receiving either dose of spironolactone. Similar findings were observed for HPro. Thus, myocardial fibrosis was comparable in primary or secondary hyperaldosteronism, wherein elevations in plasma aldosterone, relative to increased sodium intake, are associated with arterial hypertension. The competitive ALDO receptor antagonist, spironolactone, was able to prevent fibrosis in either model irrespective of the development of LVH and the presence of hypertension. Captopril prevented hypertension and LVH, but not unexpectedly it did not prevent myocardial fibrosis in primary hyperaldosteronism. These findings provide further evidence that in these rat models increased plasma ALDO, relative to dietary sodium, plays a major role in the adverse accumulation of collagen that appears in the myocardium.
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            Transforming growth factor-β-induced collagen synthesis by human liver myofibroblasts is inhibited by α2-macroglobulin

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              Mineralocorticoids, salt and high blood pressure

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2000
                2000
                10 January 2001
                : 53
                : 6
                : 288-293
                Affiliations
                aPLA Institute for Digestive Diseases and bDepartment of Respiratory Diseases, Nanfang Hospital, The First Medical University of PLA, Guangzhou, China
                Article
                53185 Horm Res 2000;53:288–293
                10.1159/000053185
                11146369
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 19, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Original Paper

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