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      Strategies for Maintaining Work–Life Balance and Their Consequences for Quality of Life and Job Satisfaction


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          Interest in issues surrounding work–life balance has increased in recent years. Some studies stress the consequences of work–life balance, while others put emphasis on the ways in which people manage to keep the balance. We decided to combine both points of view. The presented study focuses on personal strategies for combining family and work roles and their consequences for maintaining the work–family balance and satisfaction with work and quality of life. There were 289 participants in the study. The instruments used were Work–Family Linkage Questionnaire, Work–Family Fit Questionnaire, Satisfaction of Life Scale and Job Satisfaction Scale. The procedure of adapting the Work–Family Linkage Questionnaire (WFLQ) into Polish was conducted to enable the use of the tool in Poland for the first time. Good psychometric properties of WFLQ were confirmed. The results showed that the individual strategy for combining family and work roles determines the work–home balance, as well as satisfaction with life and career. For example, the amount of negative spillover from home and from work was correlated positively with role conflict and negatively with satisfaction with life, while the amount of positive spillover correlated positively with facilitation and experienced satisfaction with life.

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          Most cited references22

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          lavaan: AnRPackage for Structural Equation Modeling

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            The Satisfaction With Life Scale.

            This article reports the development and validation of a scale to measure global life satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the various components of subjective well-being, the SWLS is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness. The SWLS is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability. Scores on the SWLS correlate moderately to highly with other measures of subjective well-being, and correlate predictably with specific personality characteristics. It is noted that the SWLS is Suited for use with different age groups, and other potential uses of the scale are discussed.
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              Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: a review and agenda for future research.

              A comprehensive review of the outcomes associated with work-to-family conflict was conducted and effect sizes were estimated. Atypology was presented that grouped outcomes into 3 categories: work related, nonwork related, and stress related. Issues concerning the measurement of work-family conflict were also discussed. The results demonstrate the widespread and serious consequences associated with work-to-family conflict. On the basis of the results of the review, an agenda for future research was provided.

                Author and article information

                Social Psychological Bulletin
                Social Psychological Bulletin
                17 July 2018
                : 13
                : 2
                : e27578
                [1 ] University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland University of Warsaw Warsaw Poland
                Author notes
                Corresponding author:

                Nina Andersz (University of Warsaw, Stawki 5/7, 00-183 Warsaw, Poland. E-mail: nina.andersz@ 123456gmail.com )

                Handling editor: Agata Błachnio (The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland)

                Nina Andersz1, Joanna Czarnota-Bojarska1, Katarzyna Wojtkowska1

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                : 31 August 2017
                : 16 April 2018
                Short Communication
                Social Psychology

                life satisfaction,quality of life,job satisfaction,work–family facilitation,work–family conflict,work–family balance


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