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      Cardiac Rehabilitation after Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          Since the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on morbidity and mortality due to myocardial infarction on a long-term basis appears controversial, a controlled follow-up survey was conducted from 1973 to 1981 in 193 patients suffering a first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The admission criteria included absence of contraindications to CR during the acute phase of AMI. Patients were divided into two matched groups: 93 patients followed a CR program, exercising 30 min three times a week (x 42; range 6–108 months) and the remaining 100 patients served as controls. Age, sex, location and extension of the myocardial damage, frequency of coronary risk factors and complications during the acute phase were comparable. At 9 years, there were 24 cardiac deaths (15 AMI, 7 sudden deaths and 2 heart failures) among the controls and 13 deaths in the CR group (7 AMI, 4 sudden deaths, 2 heart failures), mortality rates being 5.2 and 2.9% per year (p < 0.1 > 0.05; NS), respectively. There were 23 recurrent AMI in the control versus 16 in the CR patients, the corresponding rates being 4.9 and 3.6% per year, respectively (NS). Nor were any differences observed in the incidence of myocardial ischemia, severe arrhythmias or cerebrovascular strokes between both groups, but the appearance of angina was significantly lower in the CR group compared with the controls (5.1 and 10.2% per year, respectively, p < 0.005). It is concluded that CR on a long-term basis seems to improve the mortality rate of AMI and to reduce the frequency of anginal pain.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1983
          1983
          07 November 2008
          : 70
          : 4
          : 223-231
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Paula Jaraquemada Hospital, Santiago, Chile
          Article
          173598 Cardiology 1983;70:223–231
          10.1159/000173598
          6640562
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Exercise Testing and Rehabilitation

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