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      Effects of Antiarrhythmic Drugs on the Repetitive Extrasystole Threshold and the Ventricular Fibrillation Threshold

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          Abstract

          The effects of class 1 antiarrhythmic drugs on the repetitive extrasystole threshold (RET) and the ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) were studied in 32 anesthetized dogs with localized transmural necrosis. All four drugs significantly increased VFT. Although lidocaine and mexiletine increased RET, procainamide and disopyramide did not. We conclude that class 1 b antiarrhythmic agents prevent ventricular fibrillation by suppressing the initiation of reentry, and that class 1 a drugs decrease the vulnerability by preventing the reentrant repetitive excitation from degenerating into chaotic multiple reentries.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1989
          1989
          11 November 2008
          : 76
          : 1
          : 58-66
          Affiliations
          Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan
          Article
          174472 Cardiology 1989;76:58–66
          10.1159/000174472
          2468414
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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