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      Development of Collaterals in the Cerebral Circulation

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          Abstract

          Sudden occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in normotensive rats increases blood flow through anastomosing branches into the territory of the occluded artery. Three weeks after MCA occlusion, anastomoses to anterior cerebral branches are increased by more than 50% in luminal diameter. One month after MCA occlusion, blood flow and blood flow reserve to the territory of the occluded MCA are returned to normal levels. In stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP), the anastomoses are significantly narrower and blood flow through the anastomoses is less than in normotensive rats. Tissue infarction invariably develops in the territory of the occluded MCA in SHRSP. We propose that the luminal width of the anastomosis is a major determinant of blood flow into the territory of the occluded artery and of the amount of tissue protected from infarction by collateral circulation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5380-3
          978-3-318-01726-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 1-3
          : 183-189
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Anatomy and Cell Biology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.; bDepartment of Internal Medicine, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
          Article
          158860 Blood Vessels 1991;28:183–189
          10.1159/000158860
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Physiology and Pathophysiology

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