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      Dehumanized Victims: Analogies and Animal Avatars for Palestinian Suffering in Waltz with Bashir and “War Rabbit”

      Humanities

      MDPI AG

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          Abstract

          A common convention in comics and animation is the use of animal stand-ins to provide an access point for human experiences. Whether representing anthropomorphized characters navigating very human experiences or depicting four-legged creatures impacted by human action, this strategy has the manifest intent of fostering viewer identification and empathy. In particular, artists sometimes deploy animal avatars in representations of persecution and historical trauma to avoid depicting identity categories such as race, nationality and sexuality, which constitute the ostensible basis for persecution. In this way, the use of animals to represent human suffering universalizes experiences for which difference matters. In this essay, I explore how these animal stand-ins enable or foreclose empathy with Palestinian victims in the close reading of two primary texts, “War Rabbit” and Waltz with Bashir, which employ animal avatars in place of a direct depiction of Palestinian suffering. These illustrated narratives, one a comic and one an animated film, visually rhyme animal and human suffering and verbally lament the deaths of animals. I argue that both texts fail to unpack the analogies they construct, such that these constructions ultimately represent the actual Palestinians victims as being mute and irrational. Thus this use of animal avatars, which is meant to be foster empathy, is instead oblique, and risks further dehumanizing victims and negating their experiences.

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          Most cited references 8

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          Fast Tracks to Narrative Empathy: Anthropomorphism and Dehumanization in Graphic Narratives

           S Keen,  D. Herman,  J. Gardner (2011)
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            Animal Subjects of the Graphic Novel

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              La ligne claire ou les familiarites transgressees

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Humanities
                Humanities
                MDPI AG
                2076-0787
                September 2018
                August 10 2018
                : 7
                : 3
                : 79
                Article
                10.3390/h7030079
                © 2018
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0787/7/3/79

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