This paper investigates a strategy as a quality control parameter, using standard surrogate and determination of a relation factor for determination of parathion-methyl, chlorpyriphos and cypermethrin pesticides in environmental aqueous matrices with distinct characteristics (river water, estuarine, seawater and weir water), using the technique of solid phase microextraction gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (SPME-GC-FID). Pesticides were very susceptible to matrix effects promoted by environmental samples. The salinity and the organic matter seem to have been the main sources of interference in the method. For chlorpyriphos, in middle and high levels, the values of relation factor (Rf) for estuarines, seawater and weir matrices were statistically similar. For cypermethrin, the statistical equality occurred in estuarine matrices in medium and high levels of concentration. That indicates proportional behavior between the pesticide and the surrogate recovery, suggesting that a single value of Rf can be used as correction factor recovery for any of these matrices.