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      Desferrioxamine Enhances the Haemopoietic Response to Erythropoietin, but Adverse Events Are Common

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Aluminium, Anaemia, Desferrioxamine, Erythropoietin, Haemodialysis

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          Abstract

          To determine whether the chelation of aluminium enhances the haemopoietic response to recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO), desferrioxamine (DFO) at a dose of 20–30 mg/kg was given to 7 of 17 transfusion-dependent haemodialysis patients treated with r-HuEPO (40 units/kg/dialysis i.v.). The two randomly allocated groups did not differ in age, initial haemoglobin, plasma aluminium, plasma aluminium after DFO challenge, and ferritin, but, by chance, dialysis time was longer in the DFO group (69 vs. 32 months; p = 0.02). DFO was administered for 16 ± 4 (SE) dialyses. During this period, Hb rose faster in the DFO group, in relation to time (0.61 vs. 0.29 g/l/day; p < 0.05) and r-HuEPO dose (3.35 vs. 1.88 g/l/100 units r-HuEPO/kg; p < 0.05). However, in the DFO group, there was a high incidence of side effects, especially visual toxicity. It is concluded that DFO enhances the effectiveness of r-HuEPO in correcting the anaemia of chronic renal failure, but the combination of DFO and r-HuEPO is unsafe under the conditions described.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1991
          1991
          11 December 2008
          : 58
          : 1
          : 33-36
          Affiliations
          Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia
          Article
          186374 Nephron 1991;58:33–36
          10.1159/000186374
          1857480
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Desferrioxamine, Erythropoietin, Aluminium, Haemodialysis, Anaemia

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