1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Tidal resurfacing model for (99942) Apophis during the 2029 close approach with Earth

      Preprint
      , , ,

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We numerically investigate tidally induced surface refreshing on Apophis during its close approach with Earth within a perigee distance of 5.96 Earth radii on April 13, 2029. We implement a tidal resurfacing model with two stages: dynamics modeling of the entire body to determine time-varying accelerations and surface slope profiles felt by each surface patch during the 6-h-long closest encounter, and DEM modeling to track motions of surface grains in localized patches. The surface slope profiles and measured grain motions are combined to statistically extrapolate the 'expected' percentage of resurfaced area. Using the tidal resurfacing model, we present surface maps showing the total expected resurfacing on Apophis given 3 representative encounter orientations. Our simulation results indicate that tidal resurfacing, limited to certain localized regions, will likely occur half an hour before perigee and on the scale of 1 per cent of Apophis's entire surface area. Our models indicate that the most likely locations to detect tidal resurfacing are: initially high-sloped regions (> 30 deg) regardless of the encounter orientation of Apophis, and mid-sloped regions (15 - 30 deg) that experience a significant positive slope variation (> 0.5 deg), which is mainly controlled by the encounter orientation. Expected data from ground-based observations of the 2029 flyby will help us better constrain the targeted locations likely to experience tidal resurfacing. We thus expect to find evidence supporting tidal resurfacing via further analysis of post-encounter surface images or albedo changes at the expected resurfaced areas.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          30 January 2023
          Article
          2301.13063
          2fe40095-d64a-435f-b4d8-bc9b61550229

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          History
          Custom metadata
          11 pages, 8 figures, 1 table
          astro-ph.EP

          Planetary astrophysics
          Planetary astrophysics

          Comments

          Comment on this article