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      Different Opioid Mechanisms Are Involved in the Modulation of ACTH and Gonadotrophin Release in Man

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          Abstract

          Both the pituitary-adrenal axis and the pituitary-gonadal axis are under the tonic inhibitory control of endogenous opioid peptides in man. However, the precise opioid receptor involved in the modulation of these hormones remains unknown. The effect of a dose of intravenous naloxone on serum levels of luteinising hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and plasma cortisol was therefore investigated in ten normal subjects. In the male subjects, naloxone at a dose of 25 µg/kg caused a significant increase in serum LH and FSH; no increase in response was seen at the two higher doses (100 µg/kg and 250 µg/kg). The lowest dose (6 µg/kg) caused no change in serum LH and FSH. In the female subjects, tested in the early follicular phase of their cycles, no dose of naloxone significantly increased circulating gonadotrophins. In both male and female subjects, naloxone only stimulated a rise in serum cortisol at the highest dose (250 µg/kg). A second study in six normal subjects demonstrated that the rise in cortisol with the highest dose of naloxone was secondary to a rise in plasma ACTH. It is concluded that the opioid receptor(s) controlling gonadotrophin release in man are naloxone-sensitive, and are probably epsilon-receptors; the naloxone insensitivity of the pituitary-adrenal axis suggests that these responses are modulated by kappa- or delta-receptors.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1986
          1986
          01 April 2008
          : 42
          : 4
          : 357-360
          Affiliations
          Departments of Endocrinology, aSt. Bartholomew’s Hospital, and bThe Whittington Hospital, London, UK
          Article
          124463 Neuroendocrinology 1986;42:357–360
          10.1159/000124463
          3008020
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

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