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GaP-nucleation on exact Si (001) substrates for III/V device integration

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      Most cited references 34

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      Stabilities of single-layer and bilayer steps on Si(001) surfaces

       D Chadi (1987)
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        A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser.

        Achieving optical gain and/or lasing in silicon has been one of the most challenging goals in silicon-based photonics because bulk silicon is an indirect bandgap semiconductor and therefore has a very low light emission efficiency. Recently, stimulated Raman scattering has been used to demonstrate light amplification and lasing in silicon. However, because of the nonlinear optical loss associated with two-photon absorption (TPA)-induced free carrier absorption (FCA), until now lasing has been limited to pulsed operation. Here we demonstrate a continuous-wave silicon Raman laser. Specifically, we show that TPA-induced FCA in silicon can be significantly reduced by introducing a reverse-biased p-i-n diode embedded in a silicon waveguide. The laser cavity is formed by coating the facets of the silicon waveguide with multilayer dielectric films. We have demonstrated stable single mode laser output with side-mode suppression of over 55 dB and linewidth of less than 80 MHz. The lasing threshold depends on the p-i-n reverse bias voltage and the laser wavelength can be tuned by adjusting the wavelength of the pump laser. The demonstration of a continuous-wave silicon laser represents a significant milestone for silicon-based optoelectronic devices.
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          Gallium arsenide and other compound semiconductors on silicon

           N Otsuka,  K. Adomi,  S. Iyer (1990)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Journal of Crystal Growth
            Journal of Crystal Growth
            Elsevier BV
            00220248
            January 2011
            January 2011
            : 315
            : 1
            : 37-47
            10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2010.10.036
            © 2011

            http://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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