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Identification of two emitting sites in the dissipative state of the major light harvesting antenna.

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      In order to cope with the deleterious effects of excess light, photosynthetic organisms have developed remarkable strategies where the excess energy is dissipated as heat by the antenna system. In higher plants one main player in the process is the major light harvesting antenna of Photosystem II (PSII), LHCII. In this paper we applied Stark fluorescence spectroscopy to LHCII in different quenching states to investigate the possible contribution of charge-transfer states to the quenching. We find that in the quenched state the fluorescence displays a remarkable sensitivity to the applied electric field. The resulting field-induced emission spectra reveal the presence of two distinct energy dissipating sites both characterized by a strong but spectrally very different response to the applied electric field. We propose the two states to originate from chlorophyll-chlorophyll and chlorophyll-carotenoid charge transfer interactions coupled to the chlorophyll exciton state in the terminal emitter locus and discuss these findings in the light of the different models proposed to be responsible for energy dissipation in photosynthesis.

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      [1 ] Division of Physics and Astronomy, Department of Biophysics, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
      Phys Chem Chem Phys
      Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
      Jan 14 2012
      : 14
      : 2
      22120671 10.1039/c1cp23059j


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