Direct adhesive resin composite restorations in posterior teeth are now a reality thanks to improvements in these restorative materials and adhesive techniques. However, correct selection and application of materials are vastly important to clinical success. Two restorative techniques are described in detail, in one, a low-viscosity resin composite is placed incrementally, and in the other a condensable resin composite is placed in bulk. The former allows for greater security, because it is more traditional and has already proved to have clinical longevity; the latter has the advantage of being a quicker and simpler procedure. However, both techniques provide restorations that faithfully copy the dental tissues and have all the advantages of adhesive procedures.