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      Global quark spin correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions

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          Abstract

          The observation of the vector meson's global spin alignment by the STAR Collaboration reveals that strong spin correlations may exist for quarks and antiquarks in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in the normal direction of the reaction plane. We propose a systematic method to describe such correlations in the quark matter. The correlations can be classified as local and long range types. We show in particular that the effective quark spin correlations contain the genuine spin correlations of dynamical origin as well as those induced by averaging over other degrees of freedom. We also show that such correlations can be studied by measuring the vector meson's spin density matrix together with spin correlations of hyperons and anti-hyperons. We present the relationships between these measurable quantities and spin correlations of quarks and antiquarks.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          21 February 2024
          Article
          2402.13721
          30745ac7-3c3d-4d7e-b97f-c34d335d2044

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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          Custom metadata
          16 pages, 3 figures
          hep-ph

          High energy & Particle physics
          High energy & Particle physics

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