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      Autoimmunity to type II collagen an experimental model of arthritis

      The Journal of Experimental Medicine

      The Rockefeller University Press

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          Abstract

          We have found that intradermal injection of native type II collagen extracted from human, chick or rat cartilage induces an inflammatory arthritis in approximately 40% of rats of several strains whether complete Freund's adjuvant or incomplete Freund's adjuvant is used. Type I or III collagen extracted from skin, cartilage proteoglycans and alpha1(II) chains were incapable of eliciting arthritis, as was type II collagen injected without adjuvant. The disease is a chronic proliferative synovitis, resembling adjuvant arthritis in rats and rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Native type II co-lagen modified by limited pepsin digestion still produces arthritis, suggesting that type- specific determinants residing in the helical region of the molecule are responsible for the induction of disease. Since homologous type II collagen emulsified in oil without bacterial preparations regularly causes the disease, this new animal model of arthritis represents a unique example of experimentally-inducible autoimmunity to a tissue component.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Exp Med
          The Journal of Experimental Medicine
          The Rockefeller University Press
          0022-1007
          1540-9538
          1 September 1977
          : 146
          : 3
          : 857-868
          Article
          77251304
          2180804
          894190
          Categories
          Articles

          Medicine

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