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      The left edge of the word in the Berber derivational morphology

      research-article
      1
      Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
      Ubiquity Press
      Causative, reciprocal, harmony, templates, Berber

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          Abstract

          In many Berber varieties, causative and reciprocal verbs are built by means of monoconsonantal prefixes attached to a stem. These prefixes are realized as single or geminated depending on the properties of the stem. In this paper, it is argued that an initial templatic site is responsible for the length variation of the prefixes. Under specific licensing conditions, the initial site hosts the causative and the reciprocal prefixes by means of two distinct operations, namely movement and spreading. Moreover, complex combinations of those prefixes (causative + reciprocal, reciprocal + causative) feed apparently unrelated phenomena of selective harmony and dissimilation. They are argued to follow directly from the use of the initial site as part of the verb domain. Handled in syntactic structure, the initial site further allows accounting for the cooccurrence restrictions that the causative and the imperfective markers undergo: it is proposed that the causative takes precedence over the imperfective because it is generated lower in the structure under the VP. The same reasoning holds for the incompatibility of imperfective gemination with the reciprocal marker. It is precisely this type of restrictions that strictly phonological analyses fail to address.

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          Most cited references37

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          Severing the External Argument from its Verb

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            Incorporation: A theory of grammatical function changing

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              The Minimalist Program

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                05 March 2018
                2018
                : 3
                : 1
                : 30
                Affiliations
                [1 ]SFL – CNRS, Université Paris 8, 59 rue Pouchet, 75017 Paris, FR
                Author information
                http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8005-5594
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.250
                30a5b636-560f-4c7b-919f-24becf7d3791
                Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                : 02 September 2016
                : 24 October 2017
                Categories
                Special collection: motivating form in morpho-syntax

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                Berber,templates,harmony,reciprocal,Causative
                General linguistics, Linguistics & Semiotics
                Berber, templates, harmony, reciprocal, Causative

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