Two hundred and sixty-five unfertilized human metaphase II (M II) oocytes from an in vitro fertilization program were studied cytogenetically using our chromosomal technique, a gradual fixation-air drying method. Of the 265 oocytes, 185 (70%) were successfully karyotyped. There were 21 aneuploids (11.4%) consisting of 8 hyperhaploids (4.3%), 11 hypohaploids (5.9%) and 2 complex cases (1.1%). There were also 9 structural anomalies (4.9%) and 18 diploids (9.7%). In aneuploidy, the loss or gain of dyads (so-called nondisjunction) occurred more frequently than the loss or gain of monads (so-called predivision). The frequency of abnormally behaved chromosomes (segregation errors) due to nondisjunction, anaphase lag and predivision was studied among the seven chromosomal groups (A-G) and compared with the frequency expected from an equal probability of segregation errors in each of the 23 chromosomes. The observed frequency was somewhat higher than the expected frequency in groups E and G but the difference was not statistically significant in either group. These results were discussed in relation to previous studies on human M II oocyte chromosomes.