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      Regulación emocional y cáncer: utilización diferencial de la expresión y supresión emocional en pacientes oncológicos Translated title: Emotional regulation and health: individual differences in emotional expression and emotional suppression in cancer patients Translated title: Regulação emocional e câncer: a utilização diferencial de expressão emocional e supressão em pacientes com câncer


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          El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la frecuencia de uso de la supresión emocional y de la expresividad emocional en un grupo de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer y en un grupo control. Para esto se evaluaron dos grupos conformados por adultos con similares características en relación con la edad y el sexo, el primero integrado por 38 pacientes oncológicos y el segundo por 44 personas no pacientes. Los resultados muestran que los grupos se diferencian significativamente en su frecuencia de uso de la supresión de la expresión emocional, en el sentido de que los pacientes oncológicos utilizan más esta estrategia de regulación emocional que el grupo control. A su vez, se encontraron diferencias significativas en cuanto a la expresividad negativa, siendo que el grupo de pacientes oncológicos expresa menos sus emociones negativas que el grupo control; por último, no se hallaron diferencias significativas en cuanto a la expresividad positiva.

          Translated abstract

          The aim of this paper is to describe the frequency of emotional suppression and emotional expressiveness in a group of cancer patients and in a control group. For this, we have evaluated two groups of adults with similar age and sex characteristics, the first one consisting of 38 cancer patients and the second of 44 not-patients. The results show that the groups differ significantly in their use of emotional suppression, in the sense that cancer patients used this strategy more often than the control group. Moreover, significant differences in terms of negative expressiveness were found, corresponding to less expression of negative emotions in cancer patients as compared to the control group, and finally, there were no significant differences in the expression of positive emotions.

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          Most cited references 85

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          Emotion Regulation in Adulthood: Timing Is Everything

           James J Gross (2001)
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             Sheila Gross (1997)
            Using a process model of emotion, a distinction between antecedent-focused and response-focused emotion regulation is proposed. To test this distinction, 120 participants were shown a disgusting film while their experiential, behavioral, and physiological responses were recorded. Participants were told to either (a) think about the film in such a way that they would feel nothing (reappraisal, a form of antecedent-focused emotion regulation), (b) behave in such a way that someone watching them would not know they were feeling anything (suppression, a form of response-focused emotion regulation), or (c) watch the film (a control condition). Compared with the control condition, both reappraisal and suppression were effective in reducing emotion-expressive behavior. However, reappraisal decreased disgust experience, whereas suppression increased sympathetic activation. These results suggest that these 2 emotion regulatory processes may have different adaptive consequences.
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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana
                Av. Psicol. Latinoam.
                Universidad del Rosario (Bogotá )
                December 2012
                : 30
                : 2
                : 341-355
                [1 ] Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata Argentina
                [2 ] Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata Argentina
                [3 ] Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata Argentina
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