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      Social isolation in COVID-19: a comparative study between Korea and Vietnam

      research-article
      1 , 2 ,
      BMC Public Health
      BioMed Central
      Social isolation, COVID-19, Social distancing, Risk perception, Cross-cultural analysis

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          Abstract

          Amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, social isolation has become a pressing issue worldwide, deeply affecting individuals’ mental and physical well-being. This study introduces a theoretical model to understand the factors influencing social isolation in the context of this global health crisis. We employed a survey methodology, collecting data from Korean and Vietnamese university students through a Google survey form. The theoretical model was evaluated using structural equation modeling (SEM), and multi-group analysis (MGA) was used to assess differences between the Korean and Vietnamese student groups. The investigation centered on affective risk perception, cognitive risk perception, social distancing attitude, social distancing intention, and demographic factors like age and gender. Our findings revealed that affective and cognitive risk perceptions have significant positive impacts on attitudes toward social distancing. Furthermore, attitudes towards social distancing were found to significantly influence social distancing intentions. Interestingly, social distancing intention was found to have a significant positive correlation with social isolation. Lastly, demographic factors such as gender and age were found to be significant factors influencing social isolation. Specifically, gender had a positive association, while age showed a negative correlation with social isolation. Moreover, our MGA results showed that the relationship between social distancing intention and social isolation significantly differed between the Korean and Vietnamese student groups, indicating potential cultural or societal influences on this relationship. Such understanding could inform policies and strategies aimed at mitigating the adverse effects of social isolation in the wake of global health crises.

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          Most cited references61

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          The theory of planned behavior

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          Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211
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            The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence

            Summary The December, 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak has seen many countries ask people who have potentially come into contact with the infection to isolate themselves at home or in a dedicated quarantine facility. Decisions on how to apply quarantine should be based on the best available evidence. We did a Review of the psychological impact of quarantine using three electronic databases. Of 3166 papers found, 24 are included in this Review. Most reviewed studies reported negative psychological effects including post-traumatic stress symptoms, confusion, and anger. Stressors included longer quarantine duration, infection fears, frustration, boredom, inadequate supplies, inadequate information, financial loss, and stigma. Some researchers have suggested long-lasting effects. In situations where quarantine is deemed necessary, officials should quarantine individuals for no longer than required, provide clear rationale for quarantine and information about protocols, and ensure sufficient supplies are provided. Appeals to altruism by reminding the public about the benefits of quarantine to wider society can be favourable.
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              Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                sineoriz@gmail.com
                aromasarang@catholic.ac.kr
                Journal
                BMC Public Health
                BMC Public Health
                BMC Public Health
                BioMed Central (London )
                1471-2458
                16 August 2023
                16 August 2023
                2023
                : 23
                : 1556
                Affiliations
                [1 ]HJ Institute of Technology and Management, 71 Jungdong-Ro 39 104-1602, Gyeonggi-Do 14721 Bucheon-Si, Republic of Korea
                [2 ]GRID grid.411947.e, ISNI 0000 0004 0470 4224, Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, , Catholic University of Korea, ; 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-Gu, 06591 Seoul, Republic of Korea
                Article
                16491
                10.1186/s12889-023-16491-0
                10428539
                37582702
                30f305b9-727d-4ca2-a90f-0bd6619c7c0b
                © BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2023

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

                History
                : 30 May 2023
                : 9 August 2023
                Categories
                Research
                Custom metadata
                © BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2023

                Public health
                social isolation,covid-19,social distancing,risk perception,cross-cultural analysis
                Public health
                social isolation, covid-19, social distancing, risk perception, cross-cultural analysis

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