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      Intracranial Procedures and Expected Frequency of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: To assess the frequency and characteristics of intracranial procedures (ICPs) performed and the number of US residents living with a history of ICP. These data are used to calculate the expected annual number of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) cases among US residents with a history of ICP. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample provided data on the frequency and types of ICPs, and data from the National Center for Health Statistics was used to produce age-adjusted mortality rates. A model was constructed, which estimated long-term survival and sporadic CJD rates among ICP patients based on procedure type and age. Results: There were an estimated 2,070,488 ICPs in the United States from 1998 to 2007, an average of over 200,000 per year. There were an estimated 2,023,726 US residents in 2013 with a history of ICP in the previous 30 years. In 2013, there was expected to be 4.1 sporadic CJD cases (95% CI 1-8) among people with a history of ICP in the past 30 years. Conclusions: The considerable proportion of US residents living with a history of ICP is important information for retrospective assessments of CJD or any other suspected long-term outcome of ICPs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NED
          Neuroepidemiology
          10.1159/issn.0251-5350
          Neuroepidemiology
          S. Karger AG
          0251-5350
          1423-0208
          2016
          February 2016
          19 November 2015
          : 46
          : 1
          : 1-8
          Affiliations
          Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga., USA
          Author notes
          *Joseph Y. Abrams, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd. NE, CDC Mailstop A30, Atlanta, GA 30333 (USA), E-Mail JAbrams@cdc.gov
          Article
          441032 Neuroepidemiology 2016;46:1-8
          10.1159/000441032
          26580783
          © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 33, Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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