Rafaela Bagur 1 , Stéphane Tanguy 2 , Sarah Foriel 3 , Alexei Grichine 4 , Caroline Sanchez 2 , Karin Pernet-Gallay 5 , Tuuli Kaambre 6 , Andrey V Kuznetsov 7 , Yves Usson 2 , François Boucher 2 , Rita Guzun 8
Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury compromises mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) and compartmentalized intracellular energy transfer via the phosphocreatine/creatine kinase (CK) network. The restriction of ATP/ADP diffusion at the level of the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) is an essential element of compartmentalized energy transfer. In adult cardiomyocytes, the MOM permeability to ADP is regulated by the interaction of voltage-dependent anion channel with cytoskeletal proteins, particularly with β tubulin II. The IR-injury alters the expression and the intracellular arrangement of cytoskeletal proteins. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of IR on the intracellular arrangement of β tubulin II and its effect on the regulation of mitochondrial respiration. Perfused rat hearts were subjected to total ischemia (for 20min (I20) and 45min (I45)) or to ischemia followed by 30min of reperfusion (I20R and I45R groups). High resolution respirometry and fluorescent confocal microscopy were used to study respiration, β tubulin II and mitochondrial arrangements in cardiac fibers. The results of these experiments evidence a heterogeneous response of mitochondria to IR-induced damage. Moreover, the intracellular rearrangement of β tubulin II, which in the control group colocalized with mitochondria, was associated with increased apparent affinity of OxPhos for ADP, decreased regulation of respiration by creatine without altering mitochondrial CK activity and the ratio between octameric to dimeric isoenzymes. The results of this study allow us to highlight changes of mitochondrial interactions with cytoskeleton as one of the possible mechanisms underlying cardiac IR injury.