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      Inhibition of Barium-Induced Constriction of Cerebral Surface Arterioles by Blockers of Calcium Channels

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Pial microcirculation, Vasoconstriction, Barium ion, Calcium channels

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          Abstract

          Barium ion, applied as BaCl<sub>2</sub> to the cerebral surface, produces marked constriction of pial arterioles. The present data demonstrate that this constriction is inhibited by the calcium channel blockers verapamil and nimodipine. Verapamil in concentrations as low as 10–7 M was effective in local administration. Verapamil in milligram per kilogram doses and nimodipine in microgram per kilogram doses were effective 30 min after intraperitoneal injection without producing dilation. The basis for the inhibitory action of the calcium channel blockers is not established by the data. However, in view of barium’s known ability to depolarize membranes, it may be that the constriction which results is related to inward passage of ions and is facilitated by inward movements of calcium.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1985
          1985
          23 September 2008
          : 22
          : 3
          : 139-144
          Affiliations
          Department of Pathology (Neuropathology), Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Va., USA
          Article
          158591 Blood Vessels 1985;22:139–144
          10.1159/000158591
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Research Paper

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