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          Introducción. La pandemia por COVID-19 también ha afectado a mujeres embarazadas. Aunque en menor porcentaje, reportes de eventos graves maternos y compromiso fetal generan preocupación. Igualmente, alteraciones como linfopenia y eosinopenia en gestantes con COVID-19, infrecuentes aun en gestantes normales, han sido reportadas. Objetivo. Caracterizar las alteraciones hematológicas en mujeres gestantes a término con COVID-19 residentes en la altura. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio longitudinal descriptivo de tipo retrospectivo que incluyó 295 mujeres embarazadas a termino con positividad para SARS-COV-2, internadas para fines de parto y alumbramiento en el Hospital de la Mujer de la ciudad de La Paz-Bolivia situada a 3640 m.s.n.m. Se analizó resultados de hemogramas, glucemia, creatinina, proteínas totales y coagulograma. Resultados. El promedio de edad fue 28,5 años, la edad gestacional correspondió a 37,4 semanas. Todas las gestantes fueron clasificadas con COVID-19 de presentación leve (Etapa I). Estudios laboratoriales reflejaron promedios de hemoglobina 13,0 g/dl, leucocitos 9825/ul y plaquetas 266 10³/ul; el coagulograma y las concentraciones de glucemia, creatinina, proteínas totales y albúmina estuvieron dentro de parámetros normales. Un 39 % de las gestantes presentaron leucocitosis asociada a neutrofilia y un 1.4 % linfopenia. Conclusiones. Las gestantes a término con COVID-19 leve en nuestro entorno generalmente no presentan linfopenia; sin embargo, su presencia sirve de alerta para tomar medidas de acción temprana en caso de complicación por COVID-19 en mujeres gestantes. Probablemente, los embarazos en edades tempranas y sin patología base están relacionados con cuadros clínicos menos graves de covid.

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          Introduction. COVID-19 pandemic has also affected pregnant women. Although at lower percentage, reports of serious maternal events as well as fetal compromise raise concern. Likewise, hematological conditions such as lymphopenia and eosinopenia in pregnant women with COVID-19, uncommon even in normal pregnant, have been reported. Objective. To characterize hematological alterations in full-term pregnant women with COVID-19, living at high altitude. Methods. It was conducted a retrospective descriptive longitudinal study that included 295 full-term pregnant women SARS-Cov-2 positives, hospitalized because of labor and delivery at Hospital de la Mujer in La Paz city (Bolivia) located at 3640 masl. Complete blood count, blood glucose, creatinine, total protein and clottin screening results were analyzed. Results. Average age was 28.5 years, and gestational age corresponded to 37.4 weeks. All pregnant women were classified with COVID-19 at Stage I. Laboratory studies showed averages of hemoglobin 13.0 g/dl, leukocytes 9825/ul and platelets 266 103 / ul; the clotting screening and the concentrations of glycemia, creatinine, total proteins and albumin were within normal parameters. 39% of the pregnant women had leukocytosis associated with neutrophilia and 1.4% had lymphopenia. Conclusions. Full-term pregnant women with COVID-19 at stage I in our context generally do not have lymphopenia; however, the presence ofsuch condition serves as a warning to take early action measures in case of COVID-19 complications in pregnant women. Probably, pregnancies at an early age and without underlying pathology are related to a less severe COVID-19.

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                Author and article information

                Revista Médica La Paz
                Rev. Méd. La Paz
                Colegio Médico de La Paz (La Paz, , Bolivia )
                : 27
                : 1
                : 15-20
                [02] La Paz orgnameUniversidad Mayor de San Andrés orgdiv1Facultad de Medicina orgdiv2Unidad de Biología Celular Bolivia
                [01] La Paz orgnameHospital de la Mujer orgdiv1Servicio de Gineco-obstretricia Bolivia gun.rol16@ 123456gmail.com
                S1726-89582021000100003 S1726-8958(21)02700100003

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                : 04 June 2021
                : 15 June 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 18, Pages: 6

                SciELO Bolivia

                ARTÍCULO ORIGINAL

                pregnancy,COVID-19,SARS-CoV-2,blood count,embarazo,hemograma
                pregnancy, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, blood count, embarazo, hemograma


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