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Visual memory impairment in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a controlled study.

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Psychological Tests, Adult, Cognitive Therapy, Depressive Disorder, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Memory Disorders, complications, Middle Aged, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, diagnosis, therapy

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      Memory processes were compared in 26 patients presenting DSM-III-R obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with 20 sex-, age- and education-matched normal controls. A significant between-group difference was found: visual memory was significantly lower in OCD, whereas no significant between-group differences in verbal memory were observed. A subsample of 17 OCD were also compared with the 20 control subjects on an explicit-memory free-recall task and an implicit-memory completion task using neutral, obsessive and guilt-responsibility words to test the effects of an emotional verbal input on memory functioning. No between-group difference was found, suggesting that emotionally laden word processing did not modify implicit and explicit memory performances.

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