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      Effects of Tear Substitutes on Conjunctival Epithelium of Mice


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          Aim: The effects of the administration of three tear substitutes on normal conjunctival epithelium of the mouse, with particular regard to goblet cells, were studied. Methods: Three-month-old Swiss CD 1 mice were divided into four groups of 7 animals each. Group 1 was untreated (control). The other animals were treated with the instillation of 5 drops/day for 10 days as follows: group 2, 0.2% sodium hyaluronate (SH); group 3, 0.5% hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC); group 4, 0.9% NaCl. The entire conjunctiva was processed for light and electron microscopy. A morphometric study was performed to evaluate: the number and size of goblet cells and the number, size and optical density of mucin granules. Furthermore, Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff (AB/PAS) staining for goblet cells was carried out. Results: The SH-treated group showed that the area and number of goblet cells were similar to the untreated group; the mucin granules were reduced in number and optical density but increased in size. The HPMC-treated group showed a reduced area of goblet cells with reduced optical density of mucin granules. The saline-treated group showed that goblet cells were reduced in area and number; mucin granules showed a reduction in number and optical density and an increased size. The AB/PAS stain showed that each treatment was able to induce a treatment-specific modification of the staining characteristics of goblet cells. Conclusion: Our results strongly suggest that tear substitutes can induce treatment-specific modifications of the conjunctival epithelium with particular regard to goblet cell structure and ultrastructure.

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          Most cited references13

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          • Article: not found

          The ocular surface and tear film and their dysfunction in dry eye disease.

          The ocular surface, tear film, lacrimal glands, and eyelids act as a functional unit to preserve the quality of the refractive surface of the eye and to resist injury and protect the eye against changing bodily and environmental conditions. Events that disturb the homeostasis of this functional unit can result in a vicious cycle of ocular surface disease. The tear film is the most dynamic structure of the functional unit, and its production and turnover is essential to maintaining the health of the ocular surface. Classically, the tear film is reported to be composed of three layers: the mucin, aqueous, and lipid layers. The boundaries and real thickness of such layers is still under discussion. A dysfunction of any of these layers can result in dry eye disease.
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            Physical Properties of Stimulated and Unstimulated Tears

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              Biochemistry of Hyaluronan


                Author and article information

                Ophthalmic Res
                Ophthalmic Research
                S. Karger AG
                October 2007
                12 September 2007
                : 39
                : 5
                : 265-275
                aDepartment of Surgical Specialties, Section of Ophthalmology and bDepartment of Biomorphology and Biotechnologies, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico ‘G. Martino’, Messina, and cSIFI SpA Clinical Research Department, Lavinaio Aci S. Antonio, Italy
                108120 Ophthalmic Res 2007;39:265–275
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                : 31 January 2006
                : 13 April 2007
                Page count
                Figures: 9, Tables: 2, References: 40, Pages: 11
                Original Paper

                Vision sciences,Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pathology
                Tear substitutes,Goblet cells,Mouse,Conjunctival epithelium


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