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      Science, for What? Or: Science with Conscience - The Invisible College of Dissenting Nuclear Scientists

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          Abstract

          The main contention of this essay is that sciences can be seen as belonging to two broad categories: a) demonstrative; b) interpretative. Demonstrative, or «tough», sciences are «natural» sciences; interpretative sciences are philosophy, history, all the social sciences, different as thy are (for instance, history is based on causal imputation; sociology, on conditional comparative approach). At present all sciences cannot presume to offer universally valid «laws», timeless and spaceless, but only general, probabilistic tendencies. Moreover, contrary to a misconception Max Weber’s «Wertfreiheit», no science is neutral. It pertains to the social responsibility of scientists the pratical use of eventual scientific findings (for instance, the atomic or the hydrogen bomb).

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Academicus : International Scientific Journal
          Academicus Journal
          01 January 2019
          : MMXIX
          : 20
          : 12-33
          Article
          a7dd3d4a44c54b58b85baffcef6e0e0b
          10.7336/academicus.2019.20.02

          Distributed under the terms of the https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, which permits noncommercial use and distribution in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited, and the original work is not modified.

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          Categories
          Social Sciences
          H
          Economics as a science
          HB71-74

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