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      Applying fairness in labeling various types of internet use disorders : Commentary on How to overcome taxonomical problems in the study of internet use disorders and what to do with “smartphone addiction”?


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          We comment on arguments about internet and smartphone use disorders by Montag, Wegmann, Sariyska, Demetrovics, and Brand (2020). Although not currently official diagnoses, we emphasize that for some individuals, excessive internet/smartphone use can have dangerous consequences. We discuss the challenges with ICD-11 codifying only internet gaming as an internet use-related disorder, neglecting other types of excessive internet users. Montag et al.'s approach to classifying a broader range of internet use disorders seems more fair than the current system in aiding individuals needing treatment resources for excessive internet use.

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          Most cited references23

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          Can Disordered Mobile Phone Use Be Considered a Behavioral Addiction? An Update on Current Evidence and a Comprehensive Model for Future Research

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            An international consensus for assessing internet gaming disorder using the new DSM-5 approach.

            For the first time, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) introduces non-substance addictions as psychiatric diagnoses. The aims of this paper are to (i) present the main controversies surrounding the decision to include internet gaming disorder, but not internet addiction more globally, as a non-substance addiction in the research appendix of the DSM-5, and (ii) discuss the meaning behind the DSM-5 criteria for internet gaming disorder. The paper also proposes a common method for assessing internet gaming disorder. Although the need for common diagnostic criteria is not debated, the existence of multiple instruments reflect the divergence of opinions in the field regarding how best to diagnose this condition. We convened international experts from European, North and South American, Asian and Australasian countries to discuss and achieve consensus about assessing internet gaming disorder as defined within DSM-5. We describe the intended meaning behind each of the nine DSM-5 criteria for internet gaming disorder and present a single item that best reflects each criterion, translated into the 10 main languages of countries in which research on this condition has been conducted. Using results from this cross-cultural collaboration, we outline important research directions for understanding and assessing internet gaming disorder. As this field moves forward, it is critical that researchers and clinicians around the world begin to apply a common methodology; this report is the first to achieve an international consensus related to the assessment of internet gaming disorder. © 2014 Society for the Study of Addiction.
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              Relationships among smartphone addiction, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life


                Author and article information

                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                15 January 2021
                06 October 2020
                : 9
                : 4
                : 924-927
                [1 ] Department of Psychology, University of Toledo , 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH, 43606, USA
                [2 ] Department of Psychiatry, University of Toledo , 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, OH, 43614, USA
                [3 ] Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University , No. 57-1 Wujiayao Street, Hexi District, Tianjin, 300074, China
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author. yanghaibo@ 123456tjnu.edu.cn
                © 2020 The Author(s)

                Open Access. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                : 21 February 2020
                : 08 September 2020
                : 15 September 2020
                Page count
                Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 04
                Funded by: U.S. National Institutes of Health and Department of Defense

                Medicine,Psychology,Social & Behavioral Sciences,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                internet gaming disorder,internet addiction,smartphone addiction


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