In parallel to the uncontrolled use of antibiotics, the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria, like Acinetobacter baumannii, has posed a severe threat. A. baumannii predominates in the nosocomial setting due to its ability to persist in hospitals and survive antibiotic treatment, thereby eventually leading to an increasing prevalence and mortality due to its infection. With the increasing spectra of drug resistance and the incessant collapse of newly discovered antibiotics, new therapeutic countermeasures have been in high demand. Hence, recent research has shown favouritism towards the long-term solution of designing vaccines. Therefore, being a realistic alternative strategy to combat this pathogen, anti- A. Baumannii vaccines research has continued unearthing various antigens with variable results over the last decade. Again, other approaches, including pan-genomics, subtractive proteomics, and reverse vaccination strategies, have shown promise for identifying promiscuous core vaccine candidates that resulted in chimeric vaccine constructs. In addition, the integration of basic knowledge of the pathobiology of this drug-resistant bacteria has also facilitated the development of effective multiantigen vaccines. As opposed to the conventional trial-and-error approach, incorporating the in silico methods in recent studies, particularly network analysis, has manifested a great promise in unearthing novel vaccine candidates from the A. baumannii proteome. Some studies have used multiple A. baumannii data sources to build the co-functional networks and analyze them by k-shell decomposition. Additionally, Whole Genomic Protein Interactome (GPIN) analysis has utilized a rational approach for identifying essential proteins and presenting them as vaccines effective enough to combat the deadly pathogenic threats posed by A. baumannii. Others have identified multiple immune nodes using network-based centrality measurements for synergistic antigen combinations for different vaccination strategies. Protein-protein interactions have also been inferenced utilizing structural approaches, such as molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation. Similar workflows and technologies were employed to unveil novel A. baumannii drug targets, with a similar trend in the increasing influx of in silico techniques. This review integrates the latest knowledge on the development of A. baumannii vaccines while highlighting the in silico methods as the future of such exploratory research. In parallel, we also briefly summarize recent advancements in A. baumannii drug target research.