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      Current situation and influencing factors of positive psychological wellbeing of outstanding impoverished college students

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore positive psychological wellbeing of outstanding impoverished college students, and to provide reference for targeted mental health education.

          Methods By using in-depth interview, twenty-two outstanding impoverished college students from an undergraduate university in Dongguan were recruited and interviewed during April to May 2021.

          Results Qualitative analysis showed 9 characteristics in positive psychological wellbeing among these outstanding impoverished college students: gratitude ( n=20), independence ( n=15), sincerity ( n=13), hard-working ( n=12), friendliness ( n=11), studious ( n=11), self-cognitive adjustment ( n=11), self-discipline ( n=11) and persistence ( n=11), among which gratitude and independence were the core attributes. Factors associated with these positive psychological wellbeing mainly included the following aspects: family-related factors [family function (72.7%), family teaching (63.6%), family emotional support (59.1%), parental attention in education (36.4%)], and family function scored the highest; peer-related factors [peer influence (45.5%) and peer emotional support (45.5%)]; and teacher-related factors [teachers’ emotional support (40.9%) and teachers’ teaching (27.3%)]. In addition, other factors such as personal practical experience, national policy support and school atmosphere also had certain impacts.

          Conclusion Outstanding impoverished college students demonstrate positive psychological wellbeing. It should pay more attention to the positive psychological characteristics of impoverished college students, to explore factors associated with positive psychological qualities from various aspects, to pay attention to the role of social and emotional support, and to implement education to enhance positive psychological traits among impoverished college students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解优秀贫困大学生的积极心理品质现状及其影响因素, 为学校贫困生心理教育工作提供一定的参考依 据。 方法 于 2021 年 4—5 月, 采用一对一深人访谈法, 对东莞市某本科髙校 22 名优秀贫困大学生进行访谈。 结果 优 秀贫困大学生的积极心理品质主要有 9 项:感恩 (20 名)、独立 (15 名)、真诚 (13 名)、努力 (12 名)、友善 (11 名)、好学 (11 名)、自我认知调节 (11 名)、自律 (11 名)、坚持 (11 名) 等, 其中感恩和独立是最核心的心理品质。影响优秀贫困大学生的 积极心理品质因素主要为家庭因素(“家人的品质影响”占 72.7%, “家人的教导”占 63.6%, “家人的情感支持”占 59.1%, “父母重视教育”占比 36.4%), 且家人的品质影响是核心因素; 同伴因素(“同伴的影响”占 45.5%, “同伴的情感支持”占 45.5%);教师因素(“教师的情感支持”占 40.9%, “教师的教导”占 27.3%), 此外, 其他因素如个人实践经历、国家政策支持 和学校氛围等也有一定的影响作用。 结论 优秀贫困大学生有较多的积极心理品质。应多关注贫困大学生群体的积极心 理特征, 从多方面探索积极心理品质形成的因素, 重视社会情感支持的作用, 加强贫困生群体的积极心理品质教育。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 April 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 4
          : 562-565
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Students’ Affairs Division, Dongguan City College, Dongguan (523419), Guangdong Province, China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.04.019
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.04.019
          337d9ee2-5906-4365-981e-deec907d584e
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Poverty,Qualitative research,Mental health

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