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Exploring Beliefs About Bottled Water and Intentions to Reduce Consumption : The Dual-Effect of Social Norm Activation and Persuasive Information

Environment and Behavior

SAGE Publications

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      Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies.

      Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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        Mind the Gap: Why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior?

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          Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence.

          Numerous theories in social and health psychology assume that intentions cause behaviors. However, most tests of the intention- behavior relation involve correlational studies that preclude causal inferences. In order to determine whether changes in behavioral intention engender behavior change, participants should be assigned randomly to a treatment that significantly increases the strength of respective intentions relative to a control condition, and differences in subsequent behavior should be compared. The present research obtained 47 experimental tests of intention-behavior relations that satisfied these criteria. Meta-analysis showed that a medium-to-large change in intention (d = 0.66) leads to a small-to-medium change in behavior (d = 0.36). The review also identified several conceptual factors, methodological features, and intervention characteristics that moderate intention-behavior consistency.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Environment and Behavior
            Environment and Behavior
            SAGE Publications
            0013-9165
            1552-390X
            February 04 2014
            December 20 2013
            : 47
            : 5
            : 526-550
            10.1177/0013916513515239
            © 2013

            http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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