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      Exploring the factors influencing consumer behaviours and practices towards sustainable WEEE management in Putrajaya, Malaysia


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          The disposal practises and preferences of household waste from electrical and electronic equipment disposal (WEEE) are essential components in material flow analysis (MFA). Nevertheless, the synergistic of consumers’ behaviours and preferences with the disposal of different WEEE has yet to be investigated in depth. This study examined several consumer features of WEEE management using a quantitative questionnaire survey, including consumers' disposal behaviours and preferences. As a Malaysian federal government administrative centre, and model of a contemporary and sustainable Malaysian city, Putrajaya was chosen as the study area. Using stratified random sampling, the questionnaire was distributed through face-to-face and online surveys among households across 20 precincts within Putrajaya. From June 2021 to January 2022, 500 surveys were distributed over seven months, and IBM SPSS Statistic version 26 was used to analyse the data. The result shows that 80% of respondents have a good knowledge of WEEE management and are fully aware of the dangerous materials they have in their WEEE. 75% said they would recycle their WEEE, but only 44% said they would separate it from other household wastes. It was also shown that 88% of the household were willing to pay a collection fee of at least RM 10 for each collection. This analysis found that Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) mechanisms can assist in overcoming weaknesses in WEEE management by including beneficial schemes to incentivise consumers to improve current waste policies. In the meantime, governments, media, and local non-governmental organisations may help by increasing awareness of effective and sustainable WEEE management.

          Graphical abstract


          • 500 consumers from Putrajaya have been surveyed on their WEEE managements.

          • 80% of consumers are well-versed in WEEE and its effects on the environment.

          • 65% of consumers are eager to engage in sustainable WEEE management.

          • 75% of consumers were actively engaged in WEEE recycling.

          • The future outlook and recommendations for stakeholders were outlined.

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          Most cited references60

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          Electronic waste management approaches: an overview.

          Electronic waste (e-waste) is one of the fastest-growing pollution problems worldwide given the presence if a variety of toxic substances which can contaminate the environment and threaten human health, if disposal protocols are not meticulously managed. This paper presents an overview of toxic substances present in e-waste, their potential environmental and human health impacts together with management strategies currently being used in certain countries. Several tools including life cycle assessment (LCA), material flow analysis (MFA), multi criteria analysis (MCA) and extended producer responsibility (EPR) have been developed to manage e-wastes especially in developed countries. The key to success in terms of e-waste management is to develop eco-design devices, properly collect e-waste, recover and recycle material by safe methods, dispose of e-waste by suitable techniques, forbid the transfer of used electronic devices to developing countries, and raise awareness of the impact of e-waste. No single tool is adequate but together they can complement each other to solve this issue. A national scheme such as EPR is a good policy in solving the growing e-waste problems.
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            Augmented reality: Research agenda for studying the impact of its media characteristics on consumer behaviour

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              Exploring young adults’ e-waste recycling behaviour using an extended theory of planned behaviour model: A cross-cultural study


                Author and article information

                16 June 2023
                June 2023
                16 June 2023
                : 9
                : 6
                : e17244
                [a ]Department of Earth Science and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Malaysia
                [b ]Centre for Tropical Climate Change System, Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Malaysia
                [c ]New Energy Science and Engineering Department, School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University Malaysia, 43900 Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia
                [d ]School of Technology Management and Logistics, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. Department of Earth Science and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Malaysia. mhmarlia@ 123456ukm.edu.my
                S2405-8440(23)04452-3 e17244
                © 2023 The Authors

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

                : 21 February 2023
                : 10 June 2023
                : 12 June 2023
                Research Article

                waste electrical and electronic equipment,weee law and regulation,extended producer responsibility


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