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      Theory and experiment reveal unexpected calcium profiles in one-dimensional systems

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          Abstract

          Calcium is an ubiquitous second messenger that triggers a plethora of key physiological responses. The events are initiated in micro- or nano-sized compartments and determined by the complex interactions with calcium-binding proteins and mechanisms of calcium clearance. Local calcium increases in the vicinity of single channels represent an essentially non-linear reaction-diffusion problem that have been analysed previously using various linearized approximations. I revisited the problem of stationary patterns that can be generated by the point calcium source in the presence of buffer and obtained new explicit solutions. Main results of the analysis of the calcium buffering are supplemented with pertinent derivations and discussion of respective mathematical problems in Appendices. I show that for small calcium influx the calcium gradients around established around channel lumen have quasi-exponential form. For bigger fluxes, when the buffer is saturated, the model predicts periodic patterns. The transition between the two regimes depend on the capacity of buffer and its mobility. Theoretical predictions were examined using a model one-dimensional system. For sufficiently big fluxes the oscillatory calcium patterns were observed. Theoretical and experimental results are discussed in terms of their possible physiological implications.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          2013-04-30
          1304.7905

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          q-bio.SC q-bio.NC

          Cell biology, Neurosciences

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