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      Effects of Virtual Human Appearance Fidelity on Emotion Contagion in Affective Inter-Personal Simulations

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          Most cited references 25

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          A wearable sensor for unobtrusive, long-term assessment of electrodermal activity.

          Electrodermal activity (EDA) is a sensitive index of sympathetic nervous system activity. Due to the lack of sensors that can be worn comfortably during normal daily activity and over extensive periods of time, research in this area is limited to laboratory settings or artificial clinical environments. We developed a novel, unobtrusive, nonstigmatizing, wrist-worn integrated sensor, and present, for the very first time, a demonstration of long-term, continuous assessment of EDA outside of a laboratory setting. We evaluated the performance of our device against a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved system for the measurement of EDA during physical, cognitive, as well as emotional stressors at both palmar and distal forearm sites, and found high correlations across all the tests. We also evaluated the choice of electrode material by comparing conductive fabric with Ag/AgCl electrodes and discuss the limitations found. An important result presented in this paper is evidence that the distal forearm is a viable alternative to the traditional palmar sites for EDA measurements. Our device offers the unprecedented ability to perform comfortable, long-term, and in situ assessment of EDA. This paper opens up opportunities for future investigations that were previously not feasible, and could have far-reaching implications for diagnosis and understanding of psychological or neurological conditions.
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            Too real for comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces

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              The expression of emotion through nonverbal behavior in medical visits. Mechanisms and outcomes.

              Relationship-centered care reflects both knowing and feeling: the knowledge that physician and patient bring from their respective domains of expertise, and the physician's and patient's experience, expression, and perception of emotions during the medical encounter. These processes are conveyed and reciprocated in the care process through verbal and nonverbal communication. We suggest that the emotional context of care is especially related to nonverbal communication and that emotion-related communication skills, including sending and receiving nonverbal messages and emotional self-awareness, are critical elements of high-quality care. Although nonverbal behavior has received far less study than other care processes, the current review argues that it holds significance for the therapeutic relationship and influences important outcomes including satisfaction, adherence, and clinical outcomes of care.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
                IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graphics
                Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
                1077-2626
                April 21 2016
                April 21 2016
                : 22
                : 4
                : 1326-1335
                Article
                10.1109/TVCG.2016.2518158
                © 2016
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