The question whether women and men with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are treated differently is currently debated. In this analysis we compared pharmacological treatments and revascularization procedures during hospitalization and during 1 year of follow-up in 300 women and 621 men who suffered an AMI in 1986 or 1987 at our hospital. During hospitalization, the mean dose of morphine ( ± SD) during the first 3 days was higher in men compared to women (14.5 ± 15.7 vs. 9.8 ± 10.3 mg, p < 0.001), more men than women were given morphine after the first 24 h (65.4 vs. 49.0%, p < 0.01), and more men were prescribed anticoagulants at discharge (18 vs. 12%, p < 0.05). After 1 year more women than men were on diuretics (61.3 vs. 42.8%, p < 0.001) and a similar observation was made at discharge. This study was performed before thrombolytic therapy was routinely used. The frequency of revascularization procedures did not differ between men and women during hospitalization or during the year of follow-up. In conclusion, no major treatment differences, which could affect the prognosis, were found between women and men hospitalized due to AMI in this study in the prethrombolytic era.