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      Cellular Activities of 20K- and 22K-hGH Do Not Necessarily Correlate with Their Binding Affinities for Rat GH Receptor

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          Abstract

          Even though 20K human growth hormone (20K-hGH) has 3–10% binding affinity for the rat liver and adipose tissue microsomes as compared to 22K-hGH, it was also reported that 20K-hGH has the same potency as 22K-hGH in the hypophysectomized rat weight gain assay. In order to investigate the reason why such controversial data exist, we have studied 20K- and 22K-hGH using the rat GH receptor extracellular domain (rGHR-ECD) and full-length rGHR. When we examined the complex formation of rGHR-ECD with 20K- and 22K-hGH in gel filtration assay, 20K-hGH formed no complex while 22K-hGH formed a 1:1 complex. Next, rGHR cDNA was introduced into Ba/F3 cells and CHO-K1 cells, and stable transfectants (Ba/F3-rGHR and CHO-rGHR) were established. In the proliferation of Ba/F3-rGHR cells, 20K-hGH had 10-fold lower activity than 22K-hGH, which is consistent with their affinities for rGHR. But surprisingly, in the Spi2.1 gene promoter activation in CHO-rGHR cells, 20K- and 22K-hGH had the same activity, which was found not only in stable CHO-rGHR clones but also in CHO-K1 cells transiently expressing rGHR. In conclusion, these results indicate that cellular activities of 20K- and 22K-hGH do not necessarily correlate with their binding affinities for rGHR.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Mediation of growth hormone-dependent transcriptional activation by mammary gland factor/Stat 5.

          Previous observations have shown that binding of growth hormone to its receptor leads to activation of transcription factors via a mechanism involving phosphorylation on tyrosine residues. In order to establish whether the prolactin-activated transcription factor Stat 5 (mammary gland factor) is also activated by growth hormone, nuclear extracts were prepared from COS-7 cells transiently expressing transfected Stat 5 and growth hormone receptor cDNA. Gel electrophoresis mobility shift analyses revealed the growth hormone-dependent presence of specific DNA-binding proteins in these extracts. The complexes formed could be supershifted by polyclonal anti-Stat 5 antiserum. In other experiments nuclear extracts from growth hormone-treated Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing transfected growth hormone receptor cDNA and liver from growth hormone-treated hypophysectomized rats were used for gel electrophoresis mobility shift analyses. These also revealed the presence of specific DNA-binding proteins sharing antigenic determinants with Stat 5. Stat 5 cDNA was shown to be capable of complementing the growth hormone-dependent activation of transcription of a reporter gene in the otherwise unresponsive COS-7 cell line. This complementation was dependent on the presence of Stat 5 tyrosine 694, suggesting a role for phosphorylation of this residue in growth hormone-dependent activation of DNA-binding and transcription.
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            Reversible dimerization of 20 kilodalton human growth hormone-(hgH).

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              HRE
              Horm Res Paediatr
              10.1159/issn.1663-2818
              Hormone Research in Paediatrics
              S. Karger AG
              1663-2818
              1663-2826
              2000
              2000
              21 April 2001
              : 54
              : 3
              : 136-142
              Affiliations
              Pharmaceuticals Section, Life Science Laboratories, Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., Mobara, Chiba, Japan
              Article
              53247 Horm Res 2000;54:136–142
              10.1159/000053247
              11357007
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, References: 31, Pages: 7
              Categories
              Original Paper

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