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      Biosynthesis of Complement C4 Messenger RNA in Normal Human Kidney

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          Abstract

          Complementary DNA (cDNA) probes were used to investigate the extrahepatic production of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-linked complement components C4, factor B and C2 in various normal human tissues. The presence of the corresponding messenger RNA (mRNA) was tested by Northern blot analysis. Complement C4 mRNA was found in liver, and with high intensity also in normal kidneys. In contrast, no C2 mRNA and only very low amounts of factor B mRNA could be detected in the kidney. Slot blot hybridization was performed to quantitate the amount of C4 mRNA, and the intensity of C4 mRNA hybridization in the kidney samples was about 25% compared with liver RNA. C4-specific transcripts were not present in isolated glomeruli but in the renal interstitium. Other human tissues, such as tonsil, spleen, thymus, brain, lung and peripheral mononuclear cells, contained no C4 mRNA. Low amounts of C4 mRNA were found in colon, thyroid gland, lymph node and breast carcinoma. The results obtained with lung, where C2 mRNA was found but no C4 mRNA, further indicate an independent, tissue-specific regulation of the class III gene expression. The results, showing that the complement C4 genes are transcribed very efficiently in normal human kidney, suggest a direct role of complement C4 in renal pathogenesis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1989
          1989
          10 December 2008
          : 53
          : 4
          : 338-342
          Affiliations
          aMedizinische Klinik Innenstadt und bInstitut für Immunologie, Universität München, BRD
          Article
          185778 Nephron 1989;53:338–342
          10.1159/000185778
          2601801
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Messenger RNA, Complement C4

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