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      Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review

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          Abstract

          Urban greening initiatives are often linked to enhanced human health and wellbeing, but they can also be a driver of gentrification. To date, few studies have focused on how green gentrification shapes health. In this scoping review, we analyzed existing peer-reviewed research on how greening initiatives in gentrifying neighborhoods impact health, well-being, and health pathways (e.g., physical activity, affordable housing). Using a multi-step approach to scoping the literature (including searches in PubMed, JSTOR, and Google Scholar), we identified 15 empirical studies that met our inclusion criteria. We found studies focusing on green space use, physical activity, sense of community, safety, and self-reported health. Overall, longtime, marginalized residents are negatively impacted by green gentrification as they experience a lower sense of community, feel that they do not belong in green space, and, in many studies, use green space less often than newcomers. Overall, the research in this area is limited, and more studies on mental health and cardiovascular health markers could advance this literature. Based on the limited available evidence, we suggest that public health, urban planning, and parks professionals could collaborate to enhance the use of green space for marginalized residents and their feelings of inclusion in gentrifying areas.

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          PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation

          Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network. The final checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items. The authors provide a rationale and an example of good reporting for each item. The intent of the PRISMA-ScR is to help readers (including researchers, publishers, commissioners, policymakers, health care providers, guideline developers, and patients or consumers) develop a greater understanding of relevant terminology, core concepts, and key items to report for scoping reviews.
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            Exploring pathways linking greenspace to health: Theoretical and methodological guidance.

            In a rapidly urbanizing world, many people have little contact with natural environments, which may affect health and well-being. Existing reviews generally conclude that residential greenspace is beneficial to health. However, the processes generating these benefits and how they can be best promoted remain unclear.
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              Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Academic Editor
                Role: Academic Editor
                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                21 January 2021
                February 2021
                : 18
                : 3
                : 907
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Environmental and Health Sciences Program, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA
                [2 ]West Atlanta Watershed Alliance, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA
                [3 ]Department of Public Health, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030, USA; vjennings@ 123456agnesscott.edu
                [4 ]Department of City and Metropolitan Planning, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA; alessandro.rigolon@ 123456utah.edu
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: nosborne@ 123456spelman.edu
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3737-4439
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5197-6394
                Article
                ijerph-18-00907
                10.3390/ijerph18030907
                7908481
                33494268
                34e27c0f-a45b-4c45-973f-c95477d3a153
                © 2021 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 03 December 2020
                : 15 January 2021
                Categories
                Review

                Public health
                green gentrification,green space,parks,public health
                Public health
                green gentrification, green space, parks, public health

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