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The grateful disposition: a conceptual and empirical topography.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Humans, Self Concept, Reproducibility of Results, Personality Inventory, Personality, Middle Aged, Male, Female, Empiricism, Attitude, Aged, Affect, Adult, Adolescent, Social Behavior

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      Abstract

      In four studies, the authors examined the correlates of the disposition toward gratitude. Study I revealed that self-ratings and observer ratings of the grateful disposition are associated with positive affect and well-being, prosocial behaviors and traits, and religiousness/spirituality. Study 2 replicated these findings in a large nonstudent sample. Study 3 yielded similar results to Studies I and 2 and provided evidence that gratitude is negatively associated with envy and materialistic attitudes. Study 4 yielded evidence that these associations persist after controlling for Extraversion/positive affectivity. Neuroticism/negative affectivity, and Agreeableness. The development of the Gratitude Questionnaire, a unidimensional measure with good psychometric properties, is also described.

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